Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence , mechatronics, nanotechnology , and bioengineering.
Some time ago we can’t imagine that a machine can do work as human this consider to be as fiction some thinker at that time assume this fiction as “Robot” Isaac Asimov is one of them and he put the laws of Robotics
Robots must never harm human beings.
Robots must follow instructions from humans without violating rule 1.
Robots must protect themselves without violating the other rules.
Robotics has been of interest to mankind for over one hundred years. However our perception of robots has been influenced by the media and Hollywood. One may ask what robotics is about. In my eyes, robots’ characteristics change depending on the environment it operates in. Some of these are:
Outer Space – Manipulative arms that are controlled by a human are used to unload the docking bay of space shuttles to launch satellites or to construct a space station.
The Intelligent Home – Automated systems can now monitor home security, environmental conditions and energy usage. Door and windows can be opened automatically and appliances such as lighting and air conditioning can be pre programmed to activate. This assists occupants irrespective of their state of mobility.
Exploration – Robots can visit environments that are harmful to humans. An example is monitoring the environment inside a volcano or exploring our deepest oceans. NASA has used robotic probes for planetary exploration since the early sixties.
Military Robots – Airborne robot drones are used for surveillance in today’s modern army. In the future automated aircraft and vehicles could be used to carry fuel and ammunition or clear minefields.
Blogs by Mansi Rastogi (B.Tech) in 2012