At its simplest, biotechnology is technology based on biology – biotechnology uses cellular and bimolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives .We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for thousands of years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.
Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to fight feeble and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
The science of biotechnology can be classified into sub disciplines called red, white, green, and blue. Red biotechnology involves medical processes such as getting organisms to produce new drugs, or using stem cells to regenerate damaged human tissues entire. White biotechnology involves industrial processes such as the production of new chemicals or the development of new fuels for vehicles. Green biotechnology applies to agriculture and involves such processes as the development of pest-resistant grains or the accelerated evolution of disease-resistant animals. Blue biotechnology, rarely mentioned, comprises processes in marine and aquatic environments.
Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.
Mr. Usman Khan – Asst Prof